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Television viewing associated with adverse dietary outcomes in children ages 2-6.

Department Of Nutrition. The University Of North Carolina At chapel Hill,NC,.USA....

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Class 3 obesity has also been associated with a notable increase in mortality (death), especially for male subjects, in comparison with that for no obese patients.

Cardiovascular mortality is 50% greater in obese people and 90% greater in severely obese persons in comparison with that for people of average weight. Patients over 65 years of age, and the initial decision did not support bariatric surgery in this age-group. Older surgical patients most likely will have more complications and deaths; however, some newer series have reported excellent outcomes.

The loss of fat mass, particularly visceral fat, is associated with improved insulin sensitivity and glucose disposal, reduced flux of free fatty acids, increased adiponectin levels, and decreased interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor and highly sensitive C-reactive protein levels. Loss of visceral fat also reduces intra-abdominal pressure, and this change may result in improvements in urinary incontinence, gastroesophageal reflux, systemic hypertension, pseudotumor cerebri, venous stasis disease, and hypoventilation.